The following results are legislation items with 'EU Exit' in their title that directly reference and therefore may change this item of legislation. [12] The Act bans the breeding, sale and exchange of these dogs, even if they are on the Index of Exempted Dogs. In the UK, BSL bans the ownership of four different types of dogs traditionally bred for fighting: pit bull terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino and Fila Braziliero. The reasons behind the Dangerous Dogs Act [16], In the case of R (Sandhu) v. Isleworth Crown Court, the claimant Sandhu was in prison and sought to nominate a temporary keeper to have his dog. 4B. A year after the 1991 dangerous dog act was passed the unlicensed pitbull dogs are seized. To understand whether or not the text of this legislation is up to date, please check those references in the following pieces of legislation. There is no law stating that a dog has to bite somebody for it to be considered dangerous. Deed Not Breed: UK Campaign fighting the addition of any new breed to the DDA. The recent suggestion from ‘The People For The Ethical Treatment of Animals’ (PETA) to add the Staffordshire Bull Terrier as the latest and fifth banned breed has brought this long standing […] Watch CEO Clare Williams explain how changes to the Dangerous Dogs Act will affect you. Our inquiry focused on one of the main pieces of legislation, the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. So let’s get started, I gathered most of my information from the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA) and the UK government site where the legislation is outlined in the section Controlling your dog in Public.Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) was introduced as part of The Dangerous Dogs Act (DDA) on the 12th of August 1991.. Proscribed breeds in the UK under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, as ‘Dogs bred for fighting’ are the (American) pit bull terrier, the Japanese Tosa, the Dogo Argentino and the Fila Braziliero. The Dangerous Dogs Act Bites Worse Than It Barks . That is highly disproportionate for one type of dog that is banned, and it underlines the need to be cautious about change in this area. An Act to prohibit persons from having in their possession or custody dogs belonging to types bred for fighting; to impose restrictions in respect of such dogs pending the coming into force of the prohibition; to enable restrictions to be imposed in relation to other types of dog which present a serious danger to the public; to make further provision for securing that dogs are kept under proper control; and for connected purposes. Discretion was granted to magistrates with the 1997 amendment to the Act. The Act made it illegal to have a dog that’s ‘dangerously out of control’ in a public place and was updated in 2014 to include private properties. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help. Section 7 … [18], The Act established the Index of Exempted Dogs and the Animal Welfare section of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) oversees the administration of the Act and the Index. image caption Pit Bull Terriers are among the banned pets under the Dangerous Dog Act Pet owners face fines of up to £20,000 if they fail to take steps preventing dog … An Act to amend the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991; and for connected purposes. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. In 2014, sentencing guidelines in England and Wales were changed to raise the maximum jail … [16], Initially, dogs born before 30 November 1991 were eligible to be put on the Index of Exempted Dogs (a grandfather clause). Whether it is a purebred dog, a crossbreed or a mongrel. [28][29][30][31] The Act is sometimes cited as an unfavourable example of such legislation,[32][33] and in January 2007, the act was included in public responses to a BBC Radio 4 poll of unpopular UK legislation. There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). It passed through the Houses of Commons and Lords much more quickly than legislation usually does, and is considered by legal experts to have moved through too fast to be subject to the normal levels of scrutiny. Professor John Cooper explains how to us how Section 1 of The Dangerous Dogs Act, 1991 (amended) can affect any dog owner. This part of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 applies to every single dog across England and Wales. The aim is to create better protection. Destruction orders otherwise than on a conviction. This site additionally contains content derived from EUR-Lex, reused under the terms of the Commission Decision 2011/833/EU on the reuse of documents from the EU institutions. Campaigning for workable dog laws, BBC Article on a dog attack - January 2007, BBC Article "How do you fend off a dangerous dog?". [8] The Act applies in England, Wales and Scotland, with The Dangerous Dogs (Northern Ireland) Order 1991[9] having a similar effect in Northern Ireland. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. How to spot the signs] Defra says "a large number of serious cases from a very small population of dogs in circulation, and that is striking evidence that there is an issue with this particular type of dog",[24] while a Member of Parliament said "Despite the fact that dogs on the exempt list must be muzzled in public, that breed still accounts for almost 20% of all reported attacks. The proposal was debated by Parliament and rejected. In-text: (The Dangerous Dogs Act bites worse than it barks, 2013) Your Bibliography: The Conversation. [14], The Act also covers cross-breeds of the above four types of dog. [21], The Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the British Veterinary Association are both against the breed-specific legislation provisions of the Act (Section 1), mainly on the basis that there is no scientific evidence that all individuals of a breed are dangerous. The Rottweiler, or “rottie,” isn’t just one of the … [Read more: Does my dog have ticks? Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. The Dogs Act 1906 amended the Dogs Act 1871 in that it defines a dog as ‘dangerous’ where it injures cattle or poultry or chases sheep (section 1 (4)). There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, Section 3. [22][23] However, data from the Metropolitan Police shows that in incidents involving 'dangerously out of control dogs' banned breeds account for about 20% of offences. [13], The first two are explicitly mentioned in the Act, and the final two were added by the Secretary of State in 1991. This law applies to all dog owners no matter what size or breed, whether your pet is a Chihuahua, a Cockapoo or a Collie cross. Destruction orders otherwise than on a conviction. Over 200,000 people are attacked every year by dogs in England alone. There may be changes and effects to this Legislation not yet recorded or applied to the text. the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy, lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item, confers power and blanket amendment details, links to related legislation and further information resources. [21st March 1997] Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and … Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent. No changes have been applied to the text. The first in 23 years, will see far tougher dog control laws and sentencing. The Dangerous Dogs Act is often cited by lawmakers as an excellent example of how not to enact legislation. Rottweiler. [6][7], The 1991 act[2] was introduced by then Home Secretary Kenneth Baker, and was amended in 1997. ", "LEADING ARTICLE : Love Dempsey, hate pit-bulls", "R (on the application of Sandhu) v Isleworth Crown Court - LexisWeb", DDA Watch - Organisation offering free advice and support to owners affected by the Dangerous Dogs Act. Efforts have been made to get the law changed. Defra says "a large number of serious cases from a very small population of dog… In 2014, sentencing guidelines in England and Wales were changed to raise the maximum jail … It doesn’t have to bite a person for it to be classed as dangerous. Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991[2] is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom prohibiting or restricting certain types of dogs and codifying the criminal offence of allowing a dog of any breed to be dangerously out of control. As a result, if a dog injures a person, it may be seized by the police. Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 Banned Breeds List Many people come to this site looking for information about dog breeds that were banned under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. As of 2015, there were 3,001 Pit bull terriers on the Index, 6 Dogo Argentinos, 0 Fila Brasilieros, and 3 Japanese Tosas. This decision has more recently been more regulated to only allow for temporary keepership in certain circumstances. This kind of straightjacket legislation does not go down well with the judiciary. A. Power to make corresponding provision for Northern Ireland. Church of England Assembly (Powers) Act 1919, Measures of the National Assembly for Wales, Acts of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dangerous_Dogs_Act_1991&oldid=998165754, Animal welfare and rights legislation in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Turbulent Years Hardcover – 13 Sep 1993 by, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 03:41. We know also that pit bulls have been involved in seven of the 31 fatal attacks that have occurred since 2005. The Dangerous Dogs Act sets forth laws intended to keep the public safe from dog attacks, but it remains one of the UK’s most controversial pieces of legislation. The 1991 Act banned four types of dogs and made it an offence for an owner to allow any dog "to be dangerously out of control". Seizure, entry of premises and evidence. [27], A 2018 proposal by PETA to have the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and American Bulldog added to the list of banned dogs spawned a petition in support of the Staffordshires which garnered 160,000 signatures. Dangerous Dogs Act One Year On - Are Changes to the Dangerous Dogs Act Effective? 2 Current approach to dog control The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. We found out what the laws mean for owners, why it is so often criticised, and other important laws dog owners should know. Power to make corresponding provision for Northern Ireland. Britain has a long history of various dog legislation in attempts to protect the public. [34], A 1992 case involving a dog named Dempsey, a pit bull terrier which three years later had its destruction order reversed,[35][36] brought interest because of the lack of discretion that the Act gave magistrates regarding Section 1 dogs. On 12 August 1991, the Dangerous Dogs Act came into force, banning four types of dog. The Dangerous Dogs Act (1991) (amended with effect from 13 May 2014 by the Antisocial Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014) provides detailed information on the legislation covering certain types of dogs, the responsibilities of owners and the actions that can be taken to remove and/or control dogs. From May 2014 the Dangerous Dogs Act will also cover attacks taking place on private property in … [19] Dogs born after 30 November 1991 were not eligible to be on the Index, and it was expected the Index would cease after the death of the last of the original 5,223 dogs. The Dangerous Dogs Act was introduced in 1991, after a number of high profile attacks across the UK. Follwing the latest fatal attack by a dog on an adult female here is a look at the 1991 Dangerous Dogs Act. More information is available about EU Legislation and UK Law. 6 Children under nine are statistically at most risk. This part of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 applies to every single dog across England and Wales. Dogs bred for fighting. Ongoing conditions include keeping the dog at the address listed, notifying of address changes, notifying of the death or export of the dog, keeping the dog muzzled and on a lead in public places, keeping the dog securely to prevent escape, and maintaining all previous conditions for the life of the dog. There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. The judicial review held that a person does have the right to nominate a person to temporarily keep the dog. He says, "The Act states that 4 breed types are illegal to own breed, sell, gift or allow to stray in the UK. Whether you own a large dog or a miniature breed, and however calm and friendly your dog is, the Dangerous Dogs Act still applies to you. The problems caused by dangerous dogs will never be solved until dog owners appreciate that they are responsible for the actions of their animals.” 5. Certain Breeds of dog are banned from being owned in the UK under this act and the subsequent amendments/ additions. ‘Poultry’ is not defined by the Act. Other specially dangerous dogs. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once. Under the Act, it is illegal to own certain dogs without an exemption from a court. Independent Article On Dog Attack June 2010. Twenty-five years ago, Britain became one of the first countries in the world to ban certain breeds of dog. Amendments to the Dangerous Dogs Act in England and Wales (Scotland has its own laws). Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA) Just because dogs may be particularly good-natured doesn’t necessarily mean that they are not classed as a Dangerous Dogs under the Dangerous Dogs Act. [4] In the ninth century, dog owners were fined if their dog bit a person. For the first time, the Dangerous Dogs Act also includes a specific offence to protect assistance dogs, such as guide dogs, from attacks, with guilty owners facing up to three years in prison. Penalties You can get an unlimited fine or be sent to prison for up to 6 months (or both) if your dog is dangerously out of control. 8. The Dangerous Dogs Act is heavily criticised as often behaviour is heavily determined by the way a dog has been brought up by its owner and by its breeder, not necessarily its breed type. Dangerous Dogs Act 1997 Amendment Under the original 1991 Act a judge had no option but to order the destruction of a dog if there were grounds to do so. However, the 1997 amendments expanded eligibility, effectively continuing the Index. For more information see the EUR-Lex public statement on re-use. It has two main strands. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 did two main things: It made it a criminal offence for the owner and/or the person in charge of the dog to allow a dog to be 'dangerously out of control' in a public place or be in a place where it is not permitted to be. The power to confiscate dogs was introduced in 1871. This means that whether a dog is prohibited under the Act will depend on a judgement about its physical characteristics, and whether they match the description of a prohibited "type". In the UK it's against the law to own certain types of dogs. The Dangerous Dogs Act was introduced in 1991 following a spate of dog attacks – including a number involving young children. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site. Dangerous Dogs Act One Year On - Are Changes to the Dangerous Dogs Act Effective? 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