Large crowds may gather at the site of an accident, and could become hostile and aggressive against those perceived to be at fault. e-Crime Bureau Registered Office: D544/4 JONES NELSON LINK OFF KOJO THOMPSON ROAD, ADABRAKA – ACCRA, GHANA e-Crime Bureau Lab Location: 19 AGYEMANG STREET, OPPOSITE BLOCK 84, ADENTA SSNIT ESTATE, ADENTA – ACCRA, GHANA e-Crime Bureau Postal Address: P. O. Piracy and armed robbery in the Gulf of Guinea present ongoing challenges for regional maritime security. or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided. The Ghana Police Service (GPS) is almost solely a reactive force and demonstrates only moderate proactive techniques and ability to deter crime. Search of place entered by person sought to be arrested. If travelers do use public transport, they should use taxis, not tro-tros (small private buses). Pickpocketing, purse snatching, and various scams are the most common forms of crime. Opportunistic crimes targeting motorists and passengers in vehicles are common. The most recent election took place in 2016. There have been multiple active shooter-style attacks on locations foreigners frequent in West African capital cities since 2015. Organized crime and corruption constitute a criminal environment that can actively influence political and economic relations in the state. For medical assistance, refer to the Embassy’s Medical Assistance page. Soft targets (e.g. Search of place entered by person sought to be arrested. Pre-arrange with your hotel or company for transportation services from the airport, and confirm the identity of drivers before entering vehicles; criminals posing as drivers have robbed travelers. Impostors posing as airport porters and strangers offering assistance with luggage have stolen belongings. However. The Country Council in Accra is active, meeting every other month. or pretended to be hit in order to get vehicles to stop. Police routinely stop travelers at checkpoints, and may search vehicles and passengers. The West Africa Rescue Association (WARA) operates a local ambulance service as well as an air ambulance service. Exercise increased caution in urban areas and on intercity highways after dark due to crime. [2] Citizens from other West African countries are subjected to forced labor in Ghana in agriculture or involuntary domestic servitude. Crime Statistics for the first quarter of 2018. Many of these operations link to internet cafes in Accra, with some cafes developing reputations for certain types of fraud based on trends in schemes originating from their location. There are multiple variations of internet romance or friendship scams targeting Westerners through various dating and social networking websites. The purpose of the scams is to collect money from the victim through these fees. Information about crime in Ghana. Avoid sharing itineraries with strangers, including on social media, and be alert to anyone following you to your accommodations. There are three legal forms of marriage in Ghana: the Customary, the Islamic and the Ordinance. Road travelers and foreigners operating in rural areas have been the victims of kidnapping in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Criminals may exploit unlocked car doors or. maintained; however, side roads within major cities and many roads outside of urban areas are in poor condition. U.S. citizens traveling to Ghana should register with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to ensure they receive pertinent security updates and notices. Such, schemes are now prevalent throughout West Africa. The document was compiled from various Ghanaian law prohibits wearing military clothing or camouflage. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Ghana are severe; convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. The Embassy receives good support from the GPS and the Special Police Units that protect U.S. government facilities in Accra. Ghana Table of Contents. There is serious risk from crime in Accra. In addition to its law enforcement responsibilities, the Unit can refer victims to medical providers and counselors, as well as to community support services. Maintain sufficient distance between your vehicle and the one ahead while stopped in traffic to enable evasive action and to avoid being in a situation where criminals box you in. Perpetrators of business fraud often target foreigners, including U.S. citizens. Criminals may exploit unlocked car doors or open windows to steal belongings from vehicles stopped in traffic. Punishment for these types of crimes often includes imprisonment , the length of which is defined in each state’s penal codes. [13] In 2017, Operation Vanguard was launched to curb illegal artisanal mining in Ghana. Pickpocketing, purse snatching, and various scams are the most common forms of crime expatriates encounter. Cantonment, Ghana Home news. Your session will expire soon and log you out. If someone is following you, proceed to a police station or other public venue and do not continue to your original destination. Car theft topped the five most reported crimes to the police, according to a 2009 report on Crime Victimization Survey in Ghana by the Ghana Statistical Service. Ghana’s criminal code outlaws “unnatural carnal knowledge,” which local authorities frequently interpret as consensual same-sex sexual relations. 222 times more than Ghana Violent crime > Murder rate: 3,646 Ranked 30th. [1], Ghana is a country of origin, transit, and destination for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor and forced prostitution. Email spear-phishing campaigns originating or claiming to originate from Ghana also frequently target U.S. citizens. Travelers may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. Arrest Generally 3. [2], Ghanaian boys and girls are subjected to conditions of forced labor within Ghana in fishing, domestic servitude, street hawking, begging, portering, and agriculture. For more information, review OSAC’s report, Travelers may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the, Primary roads are generally paved and well. If you receive business offers or charity requests, particularly unsolicited ones, carefully check out the requesting entity before committing any funds, providing any goods or services, or undertaking any travel. THE 12 TYPES OF CYBER CRIME. Organized crime and corruption constitute a criminal environment that can actively influence political and economic relations in the state. There are as many variations of the custom as the ethnic groups there are in Ghana. Use of force for defence of property or possession overcoming obstruction of legal right. Many vehicles are unlicensed, and most drivers lack basic driver training or insurance. There are two types of […] Read More. Skimming is the primary means of credit fraud and is undetectable until fraudulent charges appear on statements. Meningitis is a concern within the northern parts of the country. structures may pressure citizens to commit crimes. U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information. Street crime is a serious problem throughout the country, and is especially acute in Accra and other large cities. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation can cost thousands of dollars or more; they often require travelers to be medically evacuated (medevac) where adequate medical attention is available. Why report a Crime. While there was some sporadic election-related violence, particularly between grassroots supporters of the two major parties, Ghanaian politics generally takes place in a peaceful context. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded. , drive to the nearest police station and report the incident. Business hours: Monday-Thursday, 0730-1700; Friday, 0730-1230, US Marine Security Guard Post 1: +233 0302 741-775 (Emergencies only). Travel to tourist and historic areas of the country is popular and generally safe; however, highway robberies are commonplace on rural roads, especially near border areas. If someone is following you, proceed to a police station or other public venue and do not continue to your original destination. While such disputes are typically non-violent, the likelihood for, developing from a tribal dispute is greater in parts of, Travelers to rural areas, especially in northern Ghana, should, consult travel advisories before travel and. Victims of robbery should comply with perpetrator demands, as resistance may cause the situation to escalate to violence. Perpetrators of business fraud often target foreigners, including U.S. citizens. It came as a shock when police in … Murder, rape, and kidnapping are felony crimes. The newly constructed Terminal 3 at Kotoka International Airport (ACC) has greatly improved arrivals and departures from Accra. Elections scheduled for 2020 may increase inter-party tensions, creating a potential for increased political violence. Nationwide, violent crime results in more than 500 deaths per year. Cybercrime in Ghana Cybercrime in Ghana takes various forms. Victims of opportunistic and violent crime are more likely to be targets based on perceived affluence and/or perceived vulnerability, not based on nationality. Criminals frequently carry weapons; the most prevalent are locally manufactured pistols, rifles, and shotguns. Knoema, an Eldridge business, is the most comprehensive source of global decision-making data in the world. Use of force for prevention of, or defence against, crime, etc. U.S. citizens traveling or residing in Ghana who are the victim(s) of a crime, including loss or theft of a U.S. passport, should contact the local police and the U.S. Embassy. otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. Take necessary precautions, including vetting IT staff, preventing unauthorized access to servers, installing a virtual private network (VPN), controlling administrator passwords, and updating software and anti-virus programs. Mode of trial. Normal investigative procedures require the police to conduct an on-scene investigation, after which all involved parties go to the Traffic Department for a vehicle inspection and provide details about the accident for a final report. Medical facilities are limited, particularly outside Accra. There is evidence that ISIS elements are recruiting in Ghana, and likely have aspirational intentions to conduct an attack. Most cases occur at night. Arrest Generally 3. )Rape, sexual assault, and domestic violence remain significantly underreported. Use defensive driving techniques. Crimes Against Property. Regional terrorist groups, including al-Qa’ida and Islamic State affiliates in the Sahel, have demonstrated their desire and ability to carry out kidnappings and active shooter-style attacks targeting Westerners. The Ghana Police Service (GPS) has labeled certain areas as “flashpoints” because of the large amount of crime, the lack of police presence, and other factors in the area that make them dangerous for everyone, including the police. Arrest, how made. Poor road conditions may cause delays, making travel times variable. BOX CT1560 CANTONMENT – ACCRA, GHANA-Crime Bureau TRACKING THE TRAILS OF … If possible, use convoys to mitigate breakdowns. Bureau of Diplomatic Security If you use a credit card anywhere in Ghana, monitor credit card activity closely. Rape is punishable by 5-25 years in prison, though police often lack capacity to investigate and prosecute cases effectively. Others have attempted to “warn” drivers of a mechanical problem or flat tire. Drivers must possess an international driver’s license (available from AAA and the American Automobile Touring Alliance). There have been burglary attempts against expatriate residences, but perpetrators generally lack the sophistication required to overcome home alarm systems and security guards. Poor road conditions may cause delays, making travel times variable. 184 times more than Ghana Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: 0.4 Ranked 167th. The police have a poor record of investigating and solving serious crimes. give similar information or registration/permit data to the other driver and to the police upon request. Property crimes against foreigners remain a concern, especially residential burglaries and vehicle theft. Drivers should be prepared to avoid pedestrian crossings and expect sellers and panhandlers to mingle with traffic. There are literally a dozen ways in which a cybercrime can be perpretrated, and you need to know what they are. Exercise increased caution in urban areas and on intercity highways after dark due to crime. If you use a credit card anywhere in Ghana, monitor credit card activity closely. peaceful, and there has been little serious or widespread civil unrest in the past few years. terrorist groups are active in several parts of West Africa. Avoid walking alone, especially after dark and in poorly illuminated or isolated areas; doing so may increase risk of criminal targeting. , including maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid accidents. The State Department is committed to assisting U.S. citizens who become victims of crime while abroad. The census data are derived mainly from the Ghana Statistical Service. 5. For more information on self-driving, review OSAC’s reports on, Public transport is unregulated and unsafe, travelers do use public transport, they should use taxis, not. The Embassy has received reports of fraudulent charities soliciting contributions via the internet or direct mail. Customary marriage in Ghana is a kind of marriage between a man and a woman, and involves performance of certain local customs. If a visitor is involved in a traffic accident while in Accra and cannot reach settlement at the scene, report the accident immediately to the traffic police, who will respond and conduct an investigation. Such fraudulent schemes are now prevalent throughout West Africa. In recent years, U.S. citizens have reported substantial financial losses from questionable transactions allegedly involving the purchase of gold and other precious metals. Use defensive driving techniques, including maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid accidents. Travelers to rural areas, especially in northern Ghana, should consult travel advisories before travel and remain aware of the potential for episodes of unrest. Local police may lack the resources to respond to serious crime throughout the country, including areas of Accra. Felony is the classification of the most serious types of crimes. Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence. Ghana ranks 10th for overall resilience, having sufficiently effective capacity to combat organised crime and for its efforts to maintain territorial integrity. Public smoking is illegal in Ghana. The Government of Ghana maintains strict regulations on the sale of these natural resources; all agents must be licensed and all transactions must be certified. Internet crime is on the increase in Ghana as the youth are engaged in it ( Boateng et al., 2010;Magele, 2005;Oduro-Frimpong, 2014). CID. Violent crime is on the rise, including armed robberies in expatriate residential areas. The law provides persons with disabilities access to public buildings “as far as is practical.” However, most buildings, transportation, and educational facilities do not provide for people with special needs. Two of the three categories of offenses cited in the Criminal Code concern offenses against the individual. All crimes that lead to the Death penalty and Juvenile cases get representation. For more information on self-driving, review OSAC’s reports on Driving Overseas: Best Practices and Road Safety in Africa. The most popular form of cybercrime in Ghana is cyberfraud and is typically achieved via credit card fraud. For additional information on scams, see the Department of State's publication on International Financial Scams and the U.S. Embassy in Accra website. Ghana Criminal Code and Courts. 88.8 Ranked 1st. windows to steal belongings from vehicles stopped in traffic. Street crime is a serious problem throughout the country, and is especially acute in Accra and other, cities. Ghana Crime Stats. Avoid sharing itineraries with strangers, including on social media, and be alert to anyone following you to your accommodations. Yesterday, people across Cocoa Affair Court in Accra, the city of Ghana pleaded guilty to crimes they didn't commit. Believes crime … Over the past year, vigilante groups (politically affiliated gangs) have disrupted local elections, public meetings, and court proceedings, and staged protests at government facilities. 6. [14] The rituals, which are mostly in the form of sacrifices, are intended to spiritually manipulate victims so that the scammer's fraud is successful. Spear-phishers make contact under the guise of a business contact or possible future business associate, and attempt to pass information via emails that contain questionable links. Country-Specific Vaccination and Health Guidance. Carry adequate supplies of any needed prescription medicines, along with copies of prescriptions, the generic name of the drugs, and a supply of preferred over-the-counter medications. Sakawa is a Ghanaian term for illegal practices which combine modern Internet-based fraud with African traditionalist rituals. 38. Criminal offenses are further classified as property crimes or personal crimes. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Ghana are severe; convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. U.S. citizens frequently consult the U.S. Embassy regarding questionable business offers originating or claiming to originate from Ghana. Property crimes involve the theft of property without bodily harm, such as … Avoid walking alone, especially after dark and in poorly illuminated or isolated areas; doing so may increase risk of criminal targeting. Unwitting recipients click on these links, compromising their email accounts and making personally identifiable information readily available to cyber criminals. Two of the three categories of offenses cited in the Criminal Code concern offenses against the individual. There have been several deaths of U.S. citizens resulting from the use of narcotics procured locally. [2] Trafficking victims endure extremes of harsh treatment, including long hours, debt bondage, lack of pay, physical risks, and sexual abuse. Reliable sources estimate that there are 1.2 million unregistered guns in Ghana. Carjacking occurs sporadically; on average fewer than 10 incidents occur each month nationwide, half of which happen in the Greater Accra Region. The scheme provides for all other criminal matters to … The Ghana Police Service Information Room (emergency services) may be reached at +233-0302-773-906 or +233-0302-787-373. For emergencies dial 191 or use MTN/Vodaphone short code 18555. The U.S. Embassy in Accra does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. Ghana crime rate & statistics for 2017 was 2.10, a 10.53% increase from 2016. Shows how much people think the problem in their community are property crimes (home broken, car theft, etc. [2] The nonconsensual exploitation of Ghanaian citizens, particularly children, is more common than the trafficking of foreign migrants. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s Africa team with any questions. In order to … The newly constructed Terminal 3 at Kotoka International Airport (ACC) has greatly improved arrivals and departures from Accra. Covering a wide range of criminal acts, felonies often involve crimes involving physical harm, or large scale theft and fraud. [15][16][17][18][19], CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, List of countries by intentional homicide rate, "Intentional homicide victims | Statistics and Data", "Domestic Violence in Ghana: The Open Secret", "In Ghana, changing the belief in violent discipline", "Domestic violence on ascendancy - Today Newspaper", "Microsoft Word - Domestic Violence Act 732", "Lessons from Ghana:The Challenges of a Legal Response to Domestic Violence in Africa", "MD of Ghana Water Company Limited says fight against galamsey is being lost", "Inside the world of Ghana's internet fraudsters", "Six teenagers engage in mysterious Sakawa deal | General News 2012-12-30", "Sakawa coffin exhibited in public | Ghanaian Chronicle", "The sakawa menace ...Any solutions | features", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crime_in_Ghana&oldid=997636897, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 14:40. There have been no terrorist acts specifically targeting U.S. interests or citizens in Ghana. The U.S. Embassy is aware of arrests and related extortion attempts for such activities, but has not received reports of prosecutions. Ensure that identification documents, wallets, and portable electronics are secure. Email spear-phishing campaigns originating or claiming to originate from Ghana also frequently target U.S. citizens. 12,996 Ranked 9th. Bank robbery is embezzlement by bank officials, alone or with accomplices. There are occasional reports of clashes between government forces and criminal groups; however, these seldom affect foreigners. The second type of robbery—the focus of this study—involves robberies other than bank robberies. The most recent election took place in 2016. Ghanaian law prohibits photography of sensitive installations, including military sites, government buildings, bridges, and the airport. For more information, review OSAC’s Report, Medical facilities are limited, particularly outside Accra. Armed robbery and grand theft can also be felonies. Because many streets are unpaved or not well maintained, and sidewalks are not prevalent, individuals in wheelchairs or who have difficulty walking face challenges. Robbers may wait outside houses to ambush residents as they enter or exit the property. GPS maintains a specialized Domestic Violence Victim Support Unit (DOVVSU) to assist victims of domestic violence, especially women and children. Burrell (2008) indicated that internet scamming/cybercrime in Ghana was an extension of a more benign practice: writing to foreign pen pals (boyfriends, girlfriends or relationships). However, experts note improvements are needed in organised crime prevention measures and to significantly bolster support for victims and witnesses of organised crime. Taxi drivers have a reputation for taking newly arrived passengers on circuitous routes and charging excessive fares. Swimming in Ghana’s coastal waters, especially along its southern beaches, is dangerous and strongly discouraged, even for excellent swimmers. Primary roads are generally paved and well maintained; however, side roads within major cities and many roads outside of urban areas are in poor condition. Foreign nationals should carry identification and documentation of their immigration status. Felonies are the most serious classification of crimes, punishable by incarceration of more than a year in prison and in some cases, life in prison without parole or capital punishment. Civil unrest due to chieftaincy disputes can occur at any time. Ghana has become a significant trans-shipment point for illegal drugs, particularly cocaine from South America and heroin from Afghanistan. Armed robbers have targeted travelers leaving the airport. While there was some sporadic election-related violence, particularly between grassroots supporters of the two major parties, Ghanaian politics generally takes place in a peaceful context. These “opportunities” usually involve the transfer of a large sum of money or valuables out of the country and the payment of a series of “advance fees,” such as fees to open a bank account or to pay certain taxes in order to complete the transaction; however, the final payoff never occurs. The above list of felonies is by no means complete. Victims of robbery should comply with perpetrator demands, as resistance may cause the situation to escalate to violence. Spear-phishers make contact under the guise of a business contact or possible future business associate, and attempt to pass information via emails that contain questionable links. There are other types of crimes which occur but are hardly given attention in the media. [8], In 2007 the Ghanaian government created the Domestic Violence Act in an attempt to reduce violence against women. remain aware of the potential for episodes of unrest. There have been no terrorist acts specifically targeting U.S. interests or citizens in Ghana. Procedure for offences. Pedestrians must maintain awareness of dangers at all times: large commercial vehicles are slow to brake, vehicles may swerve into oncoming traffic to avoid potholes, motorcycles travel between vehicles and on shoulders and sidewalks, and drivers often pull out or turn despite oncoming traffic. [2], Women and girls from China, Nigeria, Côte d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso have been subjected to forced prostitution after arriving in Ghana. Factor public transportation safety into travel plans, and pre-arrange travel with trusted transportation service providers when possible. We help in two ways: Overseas: consular officers, agents, and staff work with crime victims and help them with the local police and medical systems. Unlawful fights. ... People including you, may suffer as a result of the crime. Property crimes against foreigners remain a concern, especially residential burglaries and vehicle theft. Ghana Table of Contents. Most cases occur at night. In addition, bringing them back to the, Ghana has become a significant trans-shipment point for illegal drugs, particularly cocaine from South America and heroin from Afghanistan. For more information, review OSAC’s report, Embassy regarding questionable business offers originating or claiming to originate from Ghana. Business scams typically begin with an unsolicited communication (usually by e-mail) from an unknown individual who pitches a business opportunity promising quick financial gain. 41. Police often lack the equipment, resources, training, and personnel to respond to calls for assistance or other emergencies. Guard dogs have also been known to scare off intruders. 40. Sources within the Ghanaian national security apparatus5have delineated that three primary types of cyber-fraud are most commonly perpetrated in the country today. Many of these operations link to internet cafes in Accra, with some cafes developing reputations for certain types of fraud based on trends in schemes originating from their location. If you fear for your safety, go to the nearest police station. Before coming to Ghana, consult with your physician regarding malaria prophylaxis and obtaining vaccinations. The occurrences of illicit drugs use, robberies, rape, murders, moral crimes, money laundering, infiltration and use of illegal firearms, chieftaincy and land disputes are daily security issues in Ghana. In addition, bringing them back to the United States may result in forfeitures and/or fines. There have been several deaths of U.S. citizens resulting from the use of narcotics procured locally. Victims in Ghana have recently reported ransomware attacks, common throughout the world. Travel to tourist and historic areas of the country. The Government of Ghana has set up a task force to address ways to disband political vigilante groups to head off potential violence. For more information, review OSAC’s report The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud. 39. Territorial jurisdiction of the courts in Ghana (Criminal jurisdiction) (S. 56 of the Courts Act 1993, (Act 459)) Bail (S. 96-103 of Act 30) Police enquiry bail The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Ghana at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. ACTS OF GHANA FIRST REPUBLIC CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE, 1960 (ACT 30) ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section PART I—GENERAL PROVISIONS Procedure 1. The Central Firearms Registry [CFR] was created in the year 1955 with the sole responsibility of registering and licensing of firearms within the country. Check with local authorities before venturing off main roads into outlying areas. Maintain sufficient distance between your vehicle and the one ahead while stopped in traffic to enable evasive action and to avoid being in a situation where criminals box you in. The U.S. Embassy is aware of arrests for cigarette smoking in public places, but has not received reports of prosecutions. Galamseyers are illegal gold miners. Ghanaian law explicitly prohibits discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual, and mental disabilities in employment, health care, air travel and other transportation, and other domains. 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